Ghughuti! Makar Sankranti Festival! Uttarakhand.

Ghughuti! Makar Sankranti Festival! Uttarakhand.

The DevBhumi !

                                 

Uttarakhand is a state in the northern part of India (formerly uttaranchal). It is often referred to as the Devbhumi  “Land of the Gods” due to the presence of many Hindu temples and Shrines. Each and every year It attracts thousands of people across the country in the form of tourism, festivals and pilgrimage centres.



Uttarakhand is not just known for its natural beauty of the Himalayas but also for its rich culture and heritage.

A number of festivals and fairs are celebrated throughout the year.The fairs and folk festivals of Uttarakhand are very colourful and distinctive, and are the blend of various natural, social and cultural factors. Since most of the population used to reside in rural areas, many festivals are related to the land and soil. These festivals and fairs promote bonding between the residents of the hills and preserve the local folk, art and culture.

Of many such festivals, this is the right time to talk about one of them which is Makar Sankranti popularly known as Ghugutia.

Ghughuti! Makar Sankranti Festival! Uttarakhand.

Ghughuti! Makar Sankranti Festival! Uttarakhand.

 

 

I have many fond memories of celebrating ghugutia during my childhood days. Wearing garlands made up of ghugut, calling black crows early in the morning and offering them those ghuguts while singing kale kauwa” used to mark the celebrations. 
Ghughuti! Makar Sankranti Festival! Uttarakhand.

Ghughuti! Makar Sankranti Festival! Uttarakhand.

 
 Makar Sankranti – Ghugutia
According to the Hindu religious texts, on the day of Uttarayani, the sun enters the Zodiacal sign of ‘Makar’ (Capricon) from the Zodiacal sign of the Kark (Cancer), i.e. from this day onwards the sun becomes ‘Uttarayan’ or it starts moving towards the north. It is said that from this day, which signals a change of season, the migratory birds start returning to the hills. On Makar Sankranti people give Khichadi (a mixture of pulses and rice) in charity, take ceremonial dips in holy rivers, participate in the Uttarayani fairs and celebrate the festival of Ghughutia or Kale Kauva.
During the festival of Kale Kauva (literal translation ‘black crow’) people make sweetmeats out of sweetened flour (flour and gur) deep fried in ghee, shape them like drums, pomegranates, knives, swords etc. They are strung together and worn as necklace-in the middle of which an Orange in fixed. Early in the morning children wear these necklaces and sing “Kale Kauva..” to attract crows and other birds and offer them portions of these necklaces, as a token of welcome to all the birds who are now coming back after their migration.
Wearing garlands of the above eatables called ghuguti, the children come out calling the crows early in the morning with following song on their lips:
kale kauwa kale,ghughuti mala khale.
bad tu li jaa, ghar mai ke diija
poori tu lee ja, churi mai ke diija
le kauwa lagad, mai k diija sunu ka sagad !!

{come black crow, come dear crow

you will enjoy eating bara and poori (deep fried lentil balls and deep fried roti).
Take the food and give me a House, bangles and pitcher full of gold ( Happiness, Health and prosperity)} !
 
 Happy Makar Sankranti everyone! Happy Ghughuti!